Catharine Parr (Strickland) Traill was a settler, author, teacher, and naturalist and is considered one of the founding mothers of English Canadian literature. Traill was born on January 9th, 1802, in England and died on August 29th, 1899, at Lakefield, Ontario. Her life embraced nearly the entire 19th century and she spent nearly 70 of those years in Canada.
Her first book was published when she was 15 and her last when she was 93. At one point she was the oldest living author in the British Empire. Her books written in England include:
In 1832 she met Lieutenant Thomas Traill, a widowed Scot and pensioned officer. Despite considerable family opposition they married on May 13th, 1832, and emigrated to Canada soon afterwards. The pioneer life was not kind to the Traills and they were always poor. To earn money for the family, Catharine turned again to writing. Her Canadian books include:
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Summarized from The Dictionary of Canadian Biography entry by Michael Peterman.
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